THE PERIODONTAL FLAP

A periodontal flap is a section of gingiva and/or mucosa surgically separated from the underlying tissues to provide visibility of and access to the bone and root surface.

The flap also allows the gingiva to be displaced to a different location in patients with mucogingival involvement.
Classification of Flaps | Dentowesome

Source: Carranza’s Clinical Periodontolgy, 10th Ed

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