DENTAL PLAQUE

Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on teeth. Bacteria in plaque produce acids after you eat or drink.These acids can destroy tooth enamel and cause cavities and gingivitis

Untreated plaque can harden into (tough to remove ) tartar. Proper oral hygiene, including daily brushing and flossing gets rid of plaque

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES

● plaque forms when bacteria present in mouth mixes with sugary or starchy foods such as milk, juice, bread ,pasta and soft drinks. These bacteria release acids that breakdown carbohydrates in food and drinks.

● Symptoms : A fuzzy feeling on teeth is the top sign of plaque. Other indicators include halitosis( bad breath ) and red , swollen , tender gums that bleed after brushing.

COMPLICATIONS

Plaque and tartar can lead to

• Cavities

• Gingivitis and periodontal disease

• Tooth decay and loss

• Tooth infection ( Abcessed tooth)

DIAGNOSIS

Since plaque can cause cavities, dental X rays to check cavities. Dental hygienest uses instruments during regular checkups to find and remove plaque

MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT

Good oral hygiene includes regular brushing and flossing, removes plaque and prevents tartar buildup.

● Fluoride treatments : to slow the growth of plaque causing bacteria and stop tooth decay

● Chlorhexidine Mouthwash

● Dry mouth medication : to increase saliva production

PREVENTION

Plaque can be prevented by :

● Floss daily: Floss once a day with dental Floss or water flosser to get rid of food and plaque stuck between teeth. Studies shows that flossing before brushing teeth removes more plaque

● Brush twice a day: brush for 2 minutes with soft bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste

● Use mouthwash : rinse with an over the counter or prescription antiseptic mouth wash

● Choose healthy food: Cut down sugary, starchy foods and drinks

Source: healthline.com

One thought on “DENTAL PLAQUE

  1. Good post on dental plaque. You have explained it in a very short and sweet manner. I want to add the fact that dental plaque contains more than 300 varieties of bacteria. Hence our doctor at https://4squaresdentistry.in/ suggests immediate dental treatment to get rid of these plaques. Otherwise, they tend to spoil the enamel of the teeth.   

    Like

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