Gingival (Gum) hyperplasia/hypertrophy


Not always clear whether it is hyperplasia or hypertrophyCan only be confirmed by determined by biopsy which is not always doneGingival enlargement is preferred terminology.


Vincent’s angina, ScurvySodium Valproate, Nifedipine, CiclosporinAcute Myeloid leukaemia (M5) – may regress after treatmentPregnancy, Oral contraceptive pill.


May be bleeding enlarged gumsAnaemia – ? AMLKnown epilepsy.


Specialist review of medications as appropriateGood dental care.

Burket’s Oral Medicine by Michael Glick

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