Planning :-

It is defined as systemic approach to defining problem, setting priorities, developing specific objectives and goal, determining alternative strategies and methods of implementation.

Planning results in formulation of plan.

A Plan is a decision of coarse of action.

Uses of planning :-

  • To match limited resources with many problems
  • To eliminate wasteful expenditure or duplication of expenditure
  • To develop best coarse of action to accomplish a define objective.

Information needed for planning :-

A) Sociodemographic population profile :-

  • Age
  • Ethnicity
  • Population
  • Mobility

B) Existing service provision :-

  • Availability of services
  • Range of treatment available
  • Costs of care
  • Asset to service
  • Effectiveness of intervention

C) Disease level :-

  • Epidemiological data
  • Range of condition
  • Severity of disease
  • Disease condition
  • Trends in disease

D) Public concerns :-

  • Population priorities
  • View of health services
  • Demand on health services

Planning cycle :-

  1. Indentify problem
  2. Determining priorities
  3. Developing of programme goals, objectives and activities
  4. Resource identification
  5. Identifying constraints
  6. Identify alternative strategies
  7. Develop implementation strategy
  8. Implementation
  9. Monitoring
  10. Evaluation

Reference :-

Writing :- Notes made from mastering bds and Soben Peter books

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