Effects of radiation on oral tissue :-

Effects of radiation on oral structures depends on various factors :-

  1. Source of radiation. 
  2. Total amount of radiation.                         
  3. Fractionation.                                       
  4. Type of filtration.                                  
  5. Total area of tissue irradiated.
  • Initially mucosa becomes erythematous and atrophic.                 
  • Mucositis develops later on necrosis, denudation, ulceration and sloughing of epithelium.                                      
  • Pain, discomfort and secondary infections etc occur commonly. 
  • Mucositis may extend to large area of oral cavity,nasopharynx,esophagus etc.
  • Very often there is loss or alteration of taste sensation due to degeneration of taste buds.                                             
  • Pain and discomfort remains for about two weeks.                           
  • Mucosa becomes coarse and atrophic after healing in many cases.               
  • Use of prosthesis must be completely stopped till complete recovery

Image :- Google website. Writting :- Notes made from Sanjay Kumar Purkait and Mastering bds books

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s