Finishing and Polishing: Goals & Benefits


  1. To obtain : ✔ Desired anatomy ✔ Proper occlusion ✔ Reduction of roughness, depth of gouges & scratches
  2. Polished surface should be smooth enough to be well tolerated by oral soft tissues and to resist bacterial adhesion & excessive plaque accumulation.
  3. When plaque deposits exist on restorative material surfaces, they should be easily removable by brushing & flossing.


  1. BETTER GINGIVAL HEALTH:- A well contoured & polished restoration resists the accumulation of food debris and pathogenic bacteria. ✔ Food glides more freely over occlusal & embrasure surfaces during mastication.
  2. CHEWING EFFICIENCY:- Strength is improved especially in surfaces where more occlusal forces are applied.
  3. PATIENT COMFORT:- Patient can detect a surface roughness change of less than 1um ✔ Smooth restoration surfaces minimize wear rates on opposing & adjacent teeth.
  4. ESTHETICS:- Finishing and polishing aid in esthetics.
  5. TARNISH & CORROSION:- It can be reduced in metallic restoration.
  6. HYGIENE:- Smoother surfaces have less retention areas & are easier to maintain in a hygienic state when preventive oral care is practiced ( dental floss & toothbrush bristles )


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