CHEST XRAY INTERPRETATION

5) LUNG ABSCESS & CONSOLIDATION


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6) LOCALIZED PNEUMONIA & SEGMENTAL PNEUMONIA

Infiltrate in the apex of the right lower lobe (S6).

Right lower lobe Pneumonia

➡️ Pneumonia refers to infection within the lung and results in infective fluid and pus filling the alveolar spaces. This initially results in patchy airspace opacification and then more confluent consolidation.

▪️Presentation:

  • productive cough
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain

▪️Chest radiograph:

➡️ Airspace opacification

  • filling of the alveoli with infectious material and pus
  • initially patchy
  • becomes confluent as infection develops

➡️ Air bronchograms

  • air-filled bronchi running through pus-filled alveoli

➡️ Complications

  • pleural collection
  • cavitation

▪️Treatment:

  • In most cases, antibiotic therapy is all that is required
  • This may be oral or intravenous, depending on the severity

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